«Инфинитив» 910 класс «Английский в фокусе

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«»Инфинитив» 910 класс «Английский в фокусе»

INFINITIVE

Подготовила Петрова Н.В.

учитель английского языка

МОУ СШ №92

город Волгоград

2023год

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

The Infinitive

  • She wants to work at school.
  • They must do it.
  • He hopes to get a promotion soon.

The infinitives are:

  • the to-infinitive
  • The bare infinitive

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

The to-infinitive is used

— To express purpose

She went to the bank to get some money.

— After certain verbs: advise, agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, manage, offer, promise, refuse, seem, want, afford, pretend, etc.

He wants to apply for the job.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • After verbs such as know, decide, ask , learn, want to know, etc.
  • when they are followed by questions words ( who, what, where, how , etc.)

I can’t decide where to go .

  • After adjectives such as nice, sorry, glad, willing, afraid, ashamed , etc.

He is glad to be back.

  • After too and enough

She is too shy to talk to the boss.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • After it +be+ adjective (+of+ nounpronoun).

It was nice of him to help .

  • After would likeloveprefer (specific preference).

I would like to go there.

  • After only (unsatisfactory result)

He went there only to discover that she was absent.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

The bare infinitive is used:

  • After modals (may, should, can, must etc.)

You must study hard.

  • After the verbs let, make, see, hear, feel .

But : He was made to pay for it. (passive)

He made him pay for the damage.

  • After had better, would rather .

I would rather go home.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

Note:

  • Help is followed by to + inf., or bare inf.

She helped me to clean the house.

  • Two infinitives are joined by and the second infinitive can be omitted.
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She decided to go to the university and study biology.

  • Negative infinitive is formed with not .

She may not come .

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

The ing form is used:

  • As a noun .

Swimming keeps you fit.

  • After love, like, enjoy, dislike, hate, prefer to express general preference.

She likes watching films.

  • After certain verbs: consider, avoid, deny, look forward to, confess to, fancy, involve, mention, risk, spend, mind, regret, admit, suggest, imagine , etc.

She spent all day shopping .

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • After go for activities .

They go fishing at the weekends.

  • After: it’s no use, it’s (not) worth, it’s no good, be busy, what’s the use of../?, there is no point in, can’t help, can’t stand, beget used to, have difficulty

( in).

It’s no use waiting for the bus.

  • After the verbs see, hear, feel, watch, listen to, notice ( an incomplete action)

I heard Jack talking on the phone.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • But see, hear, watch, listen to, notice + bare infinitive (a complete action)

I heard Jack talk on the phone.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

To-infinitive or the – ing form without change in meaning

  • Begin, start, continue
  • We never have two — ing forms together.

They started talkingto talk .

  • Advise, allow, permit, recommend, encourage (to- inf.+ an object, or in the passive form.)
  • (the ing form+ no object)

They don’t allow us to park there.

They don’t allow parking there.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • Need requirewant + ing form

Necessary to repair or improve smt.

( need can be followed by a passive infinitive.

The flat needs decorating .

The flat needs to be decorated .

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

The to – infinitive or the – ing form with a change in meaning.

  • Forget + to – infinitive = not remember
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I forgot to call you.

Forget + ing form = not recall.

I’ll never forget winning my first medal.

  • Remember + to – inf. = not forget

Remember to call your mum.

Remember + ing form = recall

I remember seeing you here before.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • Go on + to – inf . = then

He went on to offer us some drinks.

  • Go on + ing form = continue

He went on talking for hours.

  • Mean + to – inf .= intend to

She means to open her own shop.

  • Mean + ing form = involve

Being a pilot means travelling a lot.

  • Regret + to – inf .= be sorry to

I regret to inform you that he is in hospital.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • Regret + ing form = feel sorry about

I regret making these mistakes.

  • Try + to – inf . = to do one’s best

He tried to do this task better.

  • Try + ing form = do sth. as an experiment

Try eating fruits.

  • Stop + to – inf . = stop briefly to do sth. else

He stopped to buy a newspaper and then continued working.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • Stop + ing form = finish, give up

He stopped smoking .

  • Be sorry + to – inf . = apologise for a present action

I am sorry to interrupt but can I ask you a question?

  • Be sorry for + ing form = apologise for an earlier action

I am sorry for shouting at you.

  • Be afraid + to – inf .( the subject is unwilling to do sth.)

He is afraid to take the test.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

  • Be afraid of + ing form = ( the subject is afraid that sth.may happen)

She doesn’t want to ride the horse.

She is afraid of falling and hurting herself.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct infinitive form or the – ing form.

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Dear Jessica,

How are you? I’m busy 1)…(study) for my exam which is next week, but I’ve decided 2)…(take) a break and 3)…(write) you a letter. 4)…(read) so many notes and 5)…(learn) so many facts is making me very tired, I can’t wait 6)…(finish) my course! Then, I can start 7)…(look) for a good job.

Sophie started her new job last month, 8)…(work) at the hospital suits her – she loves 9)…(look) after people. She hopes 10)…(stay) in this job for a couple of years and then she intends 11)…(try) for a promotion.

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

By the way, how are you getting on now that you are a manager? I forgot 12)…(congratulate) you when I saw you.

Anyway, I’ve got to go now. Write soon and tell me your news, won’t you?

Best wishes,

Maggie

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

Dear Jessica,

How are you? I’m busy 1)studying for my exam which is next week, but I’ve decided 2)to take a break and 3)write you a letter. 4)Reading so many notes and 5)learning so many facts is making me very tired, I can’t wait 6) to finish my course! Then, I can start 7)looking to look for a good job.

Sophie started her new job last month, 8)working at the hospital suits her – she loves 9)looking after people. She hopes 10)to stay in this job for a couple of years and then she intends 11)to try for a promotion

"Инфинитив" 910 класс "Английский в фокусе

By the way, how are you getting on now that you are a manager? I forgot 12)to congratulate you when I saw you.

Anyway, I’ve got to go now. Write soon and tell me your news, won’t you?

Best wishes,

Maggie

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