Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

Самоучитель

Пособие содержит 5 текстов с грамматическими заданиями (word formation и open cloze). Упражнения open cloze представляют собой небольшой текст с пропущенными словами без вариантов ответа. Вставить нужно одно слово. Этим словом может быть что угодно: глагол, часть сказуемого, местоимение, артикль, одна из степеней сравнения прилагательного, фразовый глагол или предлог от фразового глагола. В заданиях на словообразование необходимо вставить однокоренное слово от предложенного исходного слова (существительное, местоимение, глагол или наречие). Сборник предназначен для широкого круга учащихся, изучающих английский язык, подходит для подготовки в ОГЭ и ЕГЭ. Тексты содержат интересную культурологическую информацию о достопримечательностях Калининграда. В конце пособия есть ключи.

Пособие содержит 5 текстов с грамматическими заданиями (word formation и open cloze). Упражнения open cloze представляют собой небольшой текст с пропущенными словами без вариантов ответа. Вставить нужно одно слово. Этим словом может быть что угодно: глагол, часть сказуемого, местоимение, артикль, одна из степеней сравнения прилагательного, фразовый глагол или предлог от фразового глагола. В заданиях на словообразование необходимо вставить однокоренное слово от предложенного исходного слова (существительное, местоимение, глагол или наречие). Сборник предназначен для широкого круга учащихся, изучающих английский язык, подходит для подготовки в ОГЭ и ЕГЭ. Тексты содержат интересную культурологическую информацию о достопримечательностях Калининграда. В конце пособия есть ключи.

 

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«Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)»

Жемчужины Калининграда

(сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

составитель: Звонкова Татьяна Юрьевна

Смоленск

2023

Пояснительная записка

Пособие содержит 5 текстов с грамматическими заданиями (word formation и open cloze). Упражнения open cloze представляют собой небольшой текст с пропущенными словами без вариантов ответа. Вставить нужно одно слово. Этим словом может быть что угодно: глагол, часть сказуемого, местоимение, артикль, одна из степеней сравнения прилагательного, фразовый глагол или предлог от фразового глагола. В заданиях на словообразование необходимо вставить однокоренное слово от предложенного исходного слова (существительное, местоимение, глагол или наречие). Сборник предназначен для широкого круга учащихся, изучающих английский язык, подходит для подготовки в ОГЭ и ЕГЭ. Тексты содержат интересную культурологическую информацию о достопримечательностях Калининграда. В конце пособия есть ключи.

Fishing village

Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

The Fishing village is a modern ethnographic and trade-craft complex, a) ____ is a quarter, built up with 1) BUILD in the German historical style. The construction of the Fishing village began in 2006. The buildings of the complex are 2) NOTICE different from most of the buildings in Kaliningrad b) _____ their 3) ARCHITECTURE style, primarily due to the use of half-timbered structures inherent in many German houses from the 15th century onwards. Outside, the complex resembles a cozy urban quarter of the XVIII-XIX centuries, built anywhere c) ____ Northern or Central Europe.

The Fishing village received this name due to the fact d) ______ it is located on the site of the former German 4) SETTLE of fishermen, and the modern design and filling of the complex underlines this fact: here you can climb the “Mayak” ("Loghthouse") view tower, e) ______ lunch in the “River Station” building, stay in the hotel "Skiperskaya", have a business meeting in the center "Fish Exchange" or walk f) ______ the pedestrian drawbridge "Yubileiny". Also here you can use a number of other services offered by the tourist infrastructure. The landscaped streets of the “village” g) ______ decorated with decorated benches and lanterns, as well as 5) ORIGIN sculptures. In the warm season, from here you can go on a boat trip along the Pregolya River.

h) ______ 2013, 6) PREPARE have been underway for the construction of the second phase of the Fishing village, which will include a number of tourist and business facilities. After passing i) ______ the bridge from the Fishing village, you can visit Kant’s island and the Cathedral located there, which is one of the main 7) ATTRACT and architectural landmarks of the city — and j) _____ continue exploring the central part of Kaliningrad.

https://visit-kaliningrad.ru

Amber museum

Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

This art depository was inaugurated in 1979, to become Russia’s first and only Amber Museum. Located in the center of Kaliningrad on the Verkhneye Lake shore, it is housed in a fortress tower dating a) _____ the mid-nineteenth century. The tower was built in 1853 in the Neo-Gothic style as a part of the city defense system – its 1) CONSTRUCT was supervised by Ernst Ludwig von Aster, commander of the Engineering Corps and the person, who had engineered Konigsberg’s mighty fortifications. The tower b) _____ named after the Prussian General-Field Marshal Friedrich Karl Dohna, who had participated in the liberation war against Napoleon’s invasion. The 2) BUILD is also a monument of the Second World War.

The Amber Museum is a one-mineral treasury. The Museum exposition occupies three floors with a total space of 1,000 square meters. 3) THEME, it consists c) ___ two sections: one is devoted to science – natural history and geology and the other – to history and culture. Amber is fossilized resin of ancient conifers d) _____ grew more than 40 million years ago on the territory of modern south of the Scandinavian Peninsula and adjoining part of the Baltic Sea bed.

In the 4) SCIENCE part of the exposition amber samples of different weight, colour, clarity are presented. In exposition the biggest “sunstone” in Russia weighing 4.28 kilograms. The considerable part of the collection includes amber specimens e) ____ inclusions of animals and plant remains that were stuck in liquid viscous resin about millions years ago. The inclusions are the thing of great interest of scientist due to their variety and very good 5) PRESERVE. They are essential for specification our knowledge f) _____ flora and fauna of planet 40 – 45 million years ago. Today the collection of Kaliningrad amber museum is the main Russian national fund of Baltic amber inclusions.

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The section of culture and history presents amber adornments and household items from the Neolithic age (4000 – 2000 BC.) till nowadays. In museum there are artifacts found on Kaliningrad region territory g) ______ digging the monument of II-V centuries of AD that was the time of intensive trade contacts toward Rome Empire. There are a lot of raw amber in that time settlements. That amber was intended for sale, same time in the burial together with expensive 6) ADORN one or two amber beads could be find. The beads probably had sacral sense. Lost amber items of XVI century are presented h) ____ scientific reconstructions made by Kaliningrad masters and specialists of restoration workshop of Tsarskoye Selo.

Of great value are the unique art works of masters of 17th century that i) _____ donated to the Museum by the Armoury of the Moscow Kremlin in 1978. They are also completed by the present-day copies of old amber masterpieces, re-created fragments of the famous Amber Room lost during the Second World War and some authentic items from the 19th – early 20th centuries made j) ____ Russian and European masters. A special 7) EXPOSITION complex is dedicated to the Konigsberg State Amber Manufactory that had worked from 1926 to 1945. And Kaliningrad Amber Combine was opened in 1947, it is the only factory in the world k) _____ a full production cycle of amber extraction and treatment. The items of mass and author production from 1950 to 2000 could be found in 8) EXHIBIT halls.

A large part of the Museum exposition consists of art works of contemporary artists from Russia, Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the USA. There are jewellery, sculptures and exclusive household items among them. Today Museum is one of the most 9) INTEREST cultural places of the city. Its collection consists of more l) _____ 16 000 units of storage. Every year Museum is visited by 200 000 guests, 1 200 excursions are given, about more than 30 exhibitions are organized.

One of the most important Museum activities is organization and holding of the International Biennial of Amber Art Works «Alatyr» (an Old Russian name of amber) since 2004, since 2012 – the All-Russian Jewelry Art Contest. Museum is actively engaged in publishing. 40 books have been published m) _____ the last eleven years. All the books are translated into English. The Museum has a library, 10) COMMUNICATE center. Museum provides excursions, events for parents and children, museum classes for pupils, lectures, work-shops, art meetings with artists. There is the souvenir zone on the ground floor where amber items made by Kaliningrad masters and firms, and also books n) _____ Amber museum and Kaliningrad region could be bought.

In the museum, 11) ACCESS environment is provided for people with limited health abilities. For people in wheelchairs, there is an elevating platform that brings them to the first floor of the building. The elevator is constructed considering technical capabilities of the museum and is set in the central stairwell. Doorways are equipped o) ____ threshold wheelchair ramps. A stairclimber with integrated seat (with lift detector) is used to go down to the basement level. It is possible to use a mobile telescopic wheelchair ramp to facilitate climbing up and down at the wheelchair along the area surrounding the museum. There is a special equipment to help 12) ACOUSTIC challenged people. Induction systems are installed at the ticket office, cloak room, also used p) _____ excursions.

Special project "Museum in the Magic Book", funded with the grant of the President of Russian Federation, allows to demonstrate three dimensional virtual copies of thirty unique museum show pieces in the places distant q) _____ the regional center including children’s educational and 13) CREATE institutions, at exhibitions and presentations.

https://visit-kaliningrad.ru/

World Ocean Museum

Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

The main building of the World Ocean Museum, situated halfway a) _________ the sub and the Vityaz, is home to 14 marine and freshwater tanks containing over 130 species including piranha, rays, sharks and shellfish. It’s not huge b) ______ any means but is 1) CERTAIN well-maintained and is likely to be the main attraction for kids. There is also a decent viewing deck to take advantage of upstairs c) ______ looks out over the river, the museum fleet and up to Kant Island and the cathedral.

The Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad is one of the best and the largest museum of the city of Kaliningrad, which is a comprehensive marine museum, which is also a center for 2) SCIENCE research and scientific and methodological work in the field of studying the history d) ____ research and the nature of the ocean.

The Museum of the World Ocean consists of separate objects, which present 3) EXPOSE dedicated to shipping, the history of shipbuilding, naval and fishing fleets, marine flora and fauna, ethnography, geology and hydrology of the world ocean, as well e) _____ cosmonautics.

The complex of the Museum of the World Ocean includes 17 separate objects, most of which f) ______ located in the city of Kaliningrad. Entrance tickets to each object are paid 4) SEPARATE, so you can choose the one you like and visit only him (them). There are also promotions, for example, 4 objects at the price of three, etc. The main part of the Kaliningrad objects of the museum is grouped in g) _____ place — the 5) EMBARK of the Historical Fleet, which is part of the Peter the Great Embankment. Entrance to the embankment is free (free of charge). On the embankment, in the open air, h) _____ are some exhibits from the museum fund, which can be viewed 6) COMPLETE free of charge. Some of the exhibits of the museum’s 7) COLLECT may change from time to time.

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https://www.inyourpocket.com

King’s Gate

Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

Royal Gate (Kaliningrad) is one of the most famous 1) ARCHITECTURE sights of the most western city of Russia. In appearance, the structure resembles either a triumphal arch or a miniature hunting castle.

The first castle on the banks of the Pregolya River appeared in the middle of the 13th century. However, the idea to turn the entire Koenigsberg into an impregnable fortress arose a) _______ its inhabitants at the 2) BEGIN of the 19th century (after Napoleon’s troops easily occupied it). In 1841, the city was visited by the monarch Friedrich Wilhelm IV, to whom the townspeople turned with a request to build a complex of powerful fortifications around. Soon large-scale work began on the 3) CONSTRUCT of the fortifications of Koenigsberg, b) _______ was supposed to become a reliable stronghold of East Prussia. The city ring of fortifications was divided into several fronts. Each of them included earthen ramparts, bastions, towers, artillery positions, as well as gates for passage.

With the development of artillery, it was decided to surround Koenigsberg with a beltforts. It was assumed c) ______ they would 4) ADD protect the city with the help of long-range shelling of the enemy. Soon, 15 brick forts (12 large and three small) grew up in the vicinity of modern Kaliningrad. They were all connected by a 43 km long ring road. The twentieth century was a period of rapid development and modernization of weapons, as well as techniques for conducting military operations. Thus, the fortifications of Koenigsberg became outdated very quickly and, in fact, they never fulfilled their intended role in history.

d) ____ the beginning of the 20th century, the internal defense belt of Koenigsberg was bought by the city administration from the military. Most of the fortifications and bastions were dismantled, the ramparts were turned into streets and boulevards. 5) FORTUNE, the King’s Gate has been preserved. They will be discussed further.

Seven gates of the inner belt of fortifications dating e) _______ to the middle of the 19th century have survived to this day in Kaliningrad-Koenigsberg. These are the Rossgarten Gate in the north, the Ausfal and Railway Gates in the west, the Brandenburg Gate (in the southwest), the Friedland Gate (in the south), the Sackheim and King’s Gate (in the east). All of them were built between 1840 and 1850 in neo-gothic style. King’s Gate is symbolic for the city, it is the f) _____ beautiful and 6) EXPRESS of all the others. The author of the structure is General Ernst Ludwig von Aster. The sculptures were made by Wilhelm Ludwig Stürmer. Gate located in Lithuanianshaft, between the Grolman bastion and the channel of Novaya Pregolya.

The gate got its name from the name of the road of the same name. It was called Royal because the Prussian kings were heading from the city along it (the road led towards the suburbs of Devau). The laying of the first stone of the future building took place in 1843. At the g) ______ time, King Frederick William IV himself was present. At the time of construction, earthen ramparts adjoined the gates on both sides. Later, with the 7) DEVELOP of road transport, they were leveled. The road was laid next to a brick structure. Thus, the gate turned out to be an isolated, separate building. By the beginning of the 90s, the King’s Gate was badly dilapidated and required serious reconstruction. Restoration work began only in the fall of 2004. About 20 million rubles were allocated for them from the budget.

The gate is a red brick structure, consisting of a wide passage (4.5 meters) and casemates located on the sides of it. The building from the outside is reinforced with embrasures. Horizontally, the gate is divided h) _____ two parts by a cornice belt. The upper edges of the roofs of the casemates, as well as the driveway, are crowned with battlements and miniature turrets. The upper tier of the gate is decorated with recesses, in which 8) SCULP of King Otakar II of the Czech Republic, King Frederick I of Prussia and Duke Albrecht I of Prussia are placed.

In 2005year, after the restoration work was completed, a case with a message to posterity was placed in the wall of the Royal Gate. One of the entries in it belongs to Russian President Vladimir Putin. i) _________ to one version, it is in the Royal Gate that there may be numerous 9) VALUE hidden by the German army during the retreat from the city in 1945.

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In the winter of 2005, the gate became a branch of the Museum of the World Ocean. The building housed several expositions dedicated to the development of the city’s fortifications, as well as visits to Kaliningrad by various famous 10) PERSON, in particular, the embassy of Tsar Peter the Great to Europe. The museum also constantly hosts various events, solemn ceremonies and meetings of foreign guests. The ancient Royal Gates j) ______ become a kind of “gateway” in Russia for Western colleagues. Museum address: Frunze street, 112. You can visit its expositions daily from 11 am to 6 pm (except Monday and Tuesday).

Konigsberg Cathedral

Жемчужины Калининграда (сборник текстов с грамматическими заданиями)

The cathedral in Kaliningrad is one of the oldest and iconic 1) BUILD in the city to be the real symbol of the city. The history of the cathedral dates back a) _____ XIV century and is full of noteworthy events and revolutionary turns. The cathedral is built of brick and styled in Gothic. Throughout its long history, the cathedral used to more than a house of worship. Initially, it was designed as a 2) DEFENCE facility. In 1807, it was first used as a military prison. In 1804, Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, the founder of German classical philosophy b) _____ buried at walls of the cathedral. The building of the cathedral was under construction time and again and in early XX century it was reconstructed. Before the war, it was richly decorated. In 1944, during massive air attacks followed c) ____ the city assault in 1945 by the Soviet army, the cathedral was badly damaged and completely burnt out. Only the building remained itself.

In the post-war period, once majestic and gorgeous cathedral turned into ruins. Like a ghost, it stood high over the island in the deep shadow fascinating and 3) FRIGHT at the same time. State authorities showed their ill attitude to this facility considering it d) ____ a “symbol of Prussian militarism and fascism”. It was not demolished due to the fact that I. Kant was buried at its walls. In 1960, the cathedral was acknowledged as the cultural heritage though no measures were taken to preserve or restore it. It kept on ruining. Finally in 1992, a private company proceeded to its 4) RESTORE. Helicopters of the Baltic Fleet were even involved e) _____ works.

In autumn1995, the watch was installed on the cathedral tower manufactured by the famous Siemens company along with four bells. This watch is the most accurate in Kaliningrad since it is supported by the f) ______ advanced clockwork synchronizing the time via the satellite sitting behind the watch to imitate its 5) HISTORY view. In 1998, the roof was restored.

The latter-day exterior and interior of the cathedral differs from the historical style, indeed. However, the cathedral got a new life upon the long hours of really titanic works on restoration. Today, it is visited by up to 1000 people daily. The extensive museum exposition is located inside. It includes a range of various exhibits: model patterns of the city historical center, ancient armor and weapons, everyday items, books, paintings and lots g) ____ exhibits related to the life of I. Kant, including his posthumous mask. The museum also hosts an inclusive numismatic 6) COLLECT to include banknotes of almost all global countries of various historical epochs.

The cathedral is magnificent in its exterior and interior. On the island, a large park is found around the cathedral h) ______ a variety of monuments and sculptures to honor historical figures of Königsberg, Prussia and Germany. Apart from the museum, the pipe organ hall is arranged in the cathedral. It is 7) USE to describe the music created by the organ. One should listen and perceive it to judge. Anyone in Kaliningrad is allowed to listen to the organ playing in the cathedral, i) _____ tickets should be purchased in advance due to a huge number of people who strive to listen to this grand instrument in such a historical place. It is worth spending at least one and a half to two hours to view its exterior and interior. j) ____ the way, other sights of the same 8) SIGN are located at the walking distance.

https://oberteich.ru

Answers:

Fishing village

Word formation

1. buildings, 2. noticeably, 3. architectural, 4. settlement, 5. original, 6. preparations, 7. attractions.

Open cloze

  1. which, b) with, c) in, d) that, e) have, f) along, g) are, h) Since, i) over, j) then.

Amber museum

World formation

1. construction, 2. building, 3. thematically, 4. scientific, 5. presentation, 6. adornment, 7. expositional, 8.exhibition, 9. interesting, 10. communicate, 11. accessible, 12. acoustically, 13. recreational.

Open cloze

a) from, b) was, c) of, d) that, e) with, f) about, g) while, h) by, i) were, j) by, k) with, l) than, m) for, n) about, o) with, p) for, q) from.

World Ocean Museum

World formation

1. certainly, 2. scientific, 3. expositions, 4. separately, 5. embarkment, 6. complete, 7 collect.

Open cloze

a) between, b) by, c) which, d) of, e) as, f) are, g) one, h) there.

Konigsberg Cathedral

Word formation

  1. buildings, 2. defensive, 3. frightening, 4. restore, 5. historical, 6. collect, 7. use, 8. significance.

Open cloze

  1. to, b) was, c) by, d) as, e) for, f) most, g) of, h) with, i) though, j) by.

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