Простое прошедшее время

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Простое прошедшее время в английском языке

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«Простое прошедшее время»

Welcome to the English class

Простое прошедшее время

What are we going to speak about?

?

?

We are at school. The teacher is in the classroom. The day is sunny and warm. We are happy today.

We were at school yesterday. The teacher was in the classroom. The day was sunny and warm. We were happy.

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What are we going to speak about?

Present Simple

We are at school. The teacher is in the classroom. The day is sunny and warm. We are happy today.

We were at school yesterday. The teacher was in the classroom. The day was sunny and warm. We were happy.

Past Simple

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Глагол to be в Past Simple

I was — я был  You were — ты был/ Вы были  He was — он был  She was — она была  It was – он был/ она была/ оно было (неодушевлённые) We were — мы были  They were — они были 

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Complete the sentences with  was / were

was

  • It _____Sunday yesterday.
  • There ____ two cakes in the fridge yesterday.
  • The boys _____ in the library last week.
  • Mum ______ at work last Wednesday.
  • There _____ a cat at the window an hour ago.
  • My friends ______ at school yesterday.
  • James ______ at the party last night.
  • There _____ a lot of people at the park yesterday.

were

were

was

was

were

was

were

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visited

went

saw

Past Simple

Did you see …?

didn’t go

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What do we need for travelling?

camera

map

suitcase

ticket

money

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The map of the trip

went

visit ed

did n’t go

Did you see …?

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Утвердительная форма . Affirmative form

 

V+ ed ( глагол + ed )

I play ed . Я играл .

глагол во 2 форме ( V II )

He

She

It

We

You

They

I were in Moscow.

Я был в Москве.

play ed

(играл, играла, играли, играло)

He

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She

saw ( видел )

It

went ( ходила )

did ( делал )

We

ate ( кушали )

You

wrote ( написал )

They

swam ( плавали )

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the day before

yesterday

yesterday

The Past Simple

sputniks

three days

ago

last week

four months

ago

last lesson

last summer

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V → V- ed

watch —

watch ed

clean —

clean ed

rest —

rest ed

10

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Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на глухой согласный звук

Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на звонкий согласный звук или гласный звук

ed — [t]

Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на

звук

ed — [d]

wi sh ed

t или d

ed — [ ɪ d]

sta y ed

wan t ed

check ed

lov ed

act ed

creat ed

jump ed

call ed

wait ed

open ed

lik ed

need ed

danc ed

smil ed

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Rules of reading V → V- ed

[t]

[ ɪ d]

Walk ed

Talk ed

Finish ed

Look ed

Help ed

Crash ed

Pass ed

Watch ed

Cross ed

Ask ed

Danc ed

Work ed

Pick ed

Jump ed

Skat ed

Want ed

Collect ed

Paint ed

Need ed

Studi ed

Visit ed

Rest ed

Count ed

Creat ed

Invit ed

Start ed

Invent ed

[d]

Play ed

Learn ed

Tri ed

Cri ed

Smil ed

Follow ed

Call ed

Liv ed

Open ed

Climb ed

Arriv ed

Clean ed

Stay ed

Enjoy ed

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to be

to go

was / were

went

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Irregular verbs

was/were

be –

begin –

come –

do –

draw –

eat –

feel –

feed –

fly –

forget –

get –

give –

go –

grew

grow –

have –

hear –

know –

make –

meet –

ride –

run –

say –

see –

send –

sing –

sit –

sleep –

spoke

speak –

stand –

swim –

take –

tell –

think –

win –

began

had

stood

came

heard

swam

did

knew

took

made

drew

told

ate

met

thought

felt

rode

won

ran

fed

said

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flew

saw

forgot

sent

got

sang

gave

sat

went

slept

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Relaxation time

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… did not + V I

did not play  (= did n’t play ) .

Я не играл .

He

She

It

We

You

They

did not   play = ( did n’t   play )

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Отрицательная форма . Negative form.

 

… did not + V I

did not play  (= did n’t play ) .

Я не играл .

He

She

It

We

You

They

did not   play = ( did n’t   play )

Простое прошедшее время

Происходило ли это с нами? Давайте не согласимся и употребим отрицательную форму Past Simple .

Образец: You climb ed the mountain.

We didn’t climb the mountain.

You play ed computer games.

We didn’t play computer games.

You visit ed Africa.

We didn’t visit Africa.

You cook ed the cake.

We didn’t cook the cake.

You jump ed at the lesson.

We didn’t jump at the lesson.

We watch ed the animals.

We didn’t watch the animals.

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Простое прошедшее время

Вопросительная форма . Interrogative form.

Did … + V I ?

Did  I play ? Я играл ?

Where did you play ?

Did

he

she

it

we

you

they

play ?

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We visit ed Past Simple land yesterday.

When ____ you _____ Past Simple land?

What ____ you ____ yesterday?

Who ______ Past Simple land yesterday?

did

visit

did

visit

visit ed

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Простое прошедшее время

Group 1

Task. Find regular verbs . How many verbs did you find?

Looked played invited washed started cooked decorated checked waited

closed opened celebrated liked

13

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Group 2

Task. Find irregular verbs . How many verbs did you find?

Went thought made got took was had swam were did

10

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Group 3

Task. Make negatives in the Past.

  • You watched wild animals yesterday.

2 . You played tennis yesterday.

3 . You cleaned the room yesterday.

4 . You visited your granny yesterday.

didn’t watch

didn’t play

didn’t clean

didn’t visit

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Group 4

Task. Find verbs in the Past Simple.

In summer I visited my grandparents. We went to the forest, swam in the river, read books, watched TV. I visited my friends, played football, listened to music, worked in the garden. I had a good time in the village. My friends and I smiled, jumped, climbed and danced. Sometimes we picked berries and mushrooms. I enjoyed my holidays very much.

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Простое прошедшее время

Group 4

Task. Find verbs in the Past Simple.

In summer I _______ my grandparents. We _____ to the forest, ______ in the river, ____ books, ________ TV. I ______ my friends, _______ football, _______ to music, ________ in the garden. I _____ a good time in the village. My friends and I _______, ________, _______ and ______. Sometimes we _______ berries and mushrooms. I _______ my holidays very much.

visited

went

swam

read

watched

visited

played

listened

worked

had

climbed

smiled

jumped

danced

picked

enjoyed

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Did you like the trip ( поездка) ?

I didn’t understand some rules

I didn’t know how to make 2 form

how to ask questions

how to make negatives

I liked

I learned

I knew

I understood

I didn’t like the lesson.

It was difficult.

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Home work

To write a letter

about your day

in the Past Simple land

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Dear ______,

Last lesson I (be) in the Past Simple land. I (have) a good time there. I (travel) in a small train. I (visit) different stations and (learn) grammar.

I (cross) the Blue River. I (watch) exotic lands. I (do) a lot of tasks. I (sing) songs and (dance).

I (like) my day in the Past Simple land. I (come) back home on Saturday. I (be) happy to discover this grammar world.

Please write back.

Your friend,

__________

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Простое прошедшее время

What did we do ? Tell in the Past Simple .

We (visit) the land of Past Simple.

We visited the land of Past Simple.

We ( meet ) the verbs.

We met the verbs.

We (go) through the forest.

We went through the forest.

We (cross) a big river .

We crossed a big river.

We (walk) in the forest.

We walked in the forest.

We (know) a lot about the Past.

We knew a lot about the Past.

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