Словообразование прилагательных в английском языке

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образование прилагательных , суффиксы наличия и отсутствия признака

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«Словообразование прилагательных в английском языке»

The suffix –ful has most of the times a positive meaning and –less a negative meaning but not always: the adjectives awful or dreadful have negative meanings (= frightening) and priceless has a positive meaning (= valuable).

We can make adverbs from these adjectives with -fully or –lessly: carefully and carelessly.

Here you are some of the most common examples:

Complete these sentences with adjectives given in brackets endings –ful or –less.

  1. What a lovely present! That was very ________________ of you. (think)

  2. He’s told me ________________ times about how good he is at football. (count)

  3. My best friend is a rich, _________________ lawyer. (power)

  4. You must remember to recharge your phone. Without its batteries, it’s _____________. (use)

  5. Although everybody knows that cigarettes are _______________ to our health, many people still smoke. (harm)

  6. The new sales assistant was really ________________ and rude. (help)

  7. Look at the newborn baby. He’s completely ______________. (help)

  8. Don’t worry, John — this injection will be completely ________________. (pain)

  9. Thieves broke into the museum and stole a ______________ painting by Van Gogh. (price)

  10. She’s really rich, but her clothes are always very ________________ and elegant. (taste)

  11. I bought some shares in the company 5 years ago. Nevertheless now they are _______________. (worth)

  12. How could you be so _______________ as to lose your wallet? (care)

  13. I’m going to give some clothes to the ________________. (home)

  14. I spent a ______________ night worrying about you! Where have you been? (sleep)

  15. That little boy is absolutely _______________. He’s not afraid of anything! (fear)

  16. Despite he has lost some points, he’s _____________ they can win the game. (hope)

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Noun

Verb

Adjective

care

care

careful / careless

colour

colour

colourful / colourless

fear

fear

fearful / fearless

harm

harm

harmful / harmless

help

help

(un)helpful / helpless

hope

hope

hopeful / hopeless

meaning

mean

meaningful / meaningless

pain

pain

painful / painless

power

power

powerful / powerless

sleep

sleep

sleepful / sleepless

thought

think

thoughtful / thoughtless

taste

taste

tasteful / tasteless

use

use

useful / useless

These adjectives take -ful or -less, but not both.

Noun

Verb

Adjective

awe

awe

awful / awesome

brain

brainless (unintelligent)

count

count

countless / countable

dread

dread

dreadful

end

end

endless

home

homeless

peace

peaceful

play

play

playful

price

price

Словообразование прилагательных в английском языке

priceless

success

succeed

(un)successful

time

timeless

wire

wire

wireless

worth

worth

worthless (without value)

Словообразование прилагательных в английском языке

The suffix –ful has most of the times a positive meaning and –less a negative meaning but not always: the adjectives awful or dreadful have negative meanings (= frightening) and priceless has a positive meaning (= valuable).

We can make adverbs from these adjectives with -fully or –lessly: carefully and carelessly.

Here you are some of the most common examples:

Complete these sentences with adjectives given in brackets endings –ful or –less.

  1. What a lovely present! That was very __thoughtful__ of you. (think)

  2. He’s told me ___countless__ times about how good he is at football. (count)

  3. My best friend is a rich, ___powerful____ lawyer. (power)

  4. You must remember to recharge your phone. Without its batteries, it’s __useless_____. (use)

  5. Although everybody knows that cigarettes are ____harmful_____ to our health, many people still smoke. (harm)

  6. The new sales assistant was really __helpless_ and rude. (help) (= incompetent)

  7. Look at the newborn baby. He’s completely ___helpless___. (help) (= defenceless)

  8. Don’t worry, John — this injection will be completely __painless___. (pain)

  9. Thieves broke into the museum and stole a ___priceless__ painting by Van Gogh. (price)

  10. She’s really rich, but her clothes are always very _tasteful_ and elegant. (taste) (=stylish)

  11. I bought some shares in the company 5 years ago. Nevertheless now they are __worthless___. (worth) (= have no value)

  12. How could you be so ____careless____ as to lose your wallet? (care) (= inattentive)

  13. I’m going to give some clothes to the ___homeless___. (home)

  14. I spent a _____sleepless____ night worrying about you! Where have you been? (sleep)

  15. That little boy is absolutely ____fearless__. He’s not afraid of anything! (fear) (=brave)

  16. Despite he has lost some points, he’s __hopeful__ they can win the game. (hope)

Noun

Verb

Adjective

care

care

careful / careless

colour

colour

colourful / colourless

fear

fear

fearful / fearless

harm

harm

harmful / harmless

help

help

(un)helpful / helpless

hope

hope

hopeful / hopeless

meaning

mean

meaningful / meaningless

pain

pain

painful / painless

power

power

powerful / powerless

sleep

sleep

sleepful / sleepless

thought

think

thoughtful / thoughtless

taste

taste

tasteful / tasteless

use

use

useful / useless

These adjectives take -ful or -less, but not both.

Noun

Verb

Adjective

awe

awe

awful / awesome

brain

brainless (=unintelligent)

count

count

countless / countable

dread

dread

dreadful

end

end

endless

home

homeless

peace

peaceful

play

play

playful

price

price

Словообразование прилагательных в английском языке

priceless

success

succeed

(un)successful

time

timeless

wire

wire

wireless

worth

worth

worthless (=without value)

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