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«Spotlight unit 8 6c»
1.“I work hard,” Jillian said.
2.Jillian said that he worked hard.
Direct and reported speech
- the exact words someone said
- inverted commas (= quotation marks) “ ……………….. ”
- He said, “I’m very tired.”
- the exact meaning of what someone said, not the words (= rendering)
- no inverted commas (quotation marks) “ ……………….. ”
- He said he was very tired.
- You are beautiful.”
- “ You speak English well.”
He said I was beautiful.
He said I spoke English well.
- “ You have a good sense of humour.”
- He told me (that) I had a good sense of humour.
- He said I danced very well.
- “ You dance very well”.
- “ I saw my friend yesterday.”
- He told me that he had seen his friend the day before.
- He said that they had lived in Rome a year before.
- “ We lived in Rome a year ago.”
Present Simple Past Simple
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
have / has gone
have/has been going
had been going
1)»I am going to the cinema», said he.
He said that ___________________
(He said that he was going to the cinema.)
2) «You have made that mistake again!»
He told her that ___________________.
(He told her that she had made that mistake again.)
3) «I’ll pass this exam»
Julia said that ___________________.
( Julia said that she would pass that exam.)
4) «I lost my keys last week.»
He said that ___________________.
( He said that he had lost his keys the previous week.)
5) «They must do it now».
I told her that ___________________.
( I told her that they had to do it then.)
6) «I will answer the letter.»
He announced that ___________________.
( He announced that he would answer the letter.)
7) » I can’t play tennis next week.»
John said ___________________.
( John said he couldn’t play tennis the following week.)
Say or tell?
She said, “I can do it.”
She said (that) she could do it.
She said to me, “I can do it.”
She said to me (that) she could do it.
She told me, “I can do it.”
She told me (that) she could do it.
say good morning / evening etc
tell the truth
tell a lie
say a few words
tell sb the time
tell a story
say one’s prayers
tell sb one’s name
tell a secret
tell sb the way
tell one from another
- Complete with said or told
1. Eric …. he was your friend.
2. She …. me that her car was red.
3. They …. , “The cake was delicious.”
4. John …. to the man, “This isn’t my dog.”
the day before, the previous day
the … before, the previous …
the next day, the following day
the next … , the following …
Report the sentences
Pete said that he liked tennis.
- Pete said, “I like tennis.”
- Mary said to me, “I bought my ring from this shop.”
- William said, “You can do it tomorrow.”
- The teacher said to him, “Read the text!”
Mary told me that she had bought her ring from that shop.
William said I could do it the following day.
The teacher told him to read the text.
Report the sentences
Mum asked Sam not to open the window.
- Mum said to Sam, “Don’t open the window, please.”
- They said, “Where did you buy these CDs?”
- She asked, “Will you come tomorrow?”
They asked where I had bought those CDs.
She asked me if I would come the following day.
- She said, «I woke up early.“.»
- He said, «I will ring her.»
- They said, «We have just arrived.»
- He said, «I will clean the car.»
- She said, «I did not say that.»
Good luck to you !