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«Travel to Russia and foreign countries»
T ravel to Russia and foreign countries Teacher: Naumova A.V. Class:7.
The aim of our lesson:
get to know the sights of Russia;
Get to know about sightseeing of different countries of the world ;
Discuss: where is the best sights – Russia or…
Something about Russia
Russia is a great country. Its vast expanses inspire locals and tourists. Today we will get acquainted with the sights of Russia.
Red Square is one of the most famous Russia’s places of interest. It is located right in the heart of Moscow . Many significant buildings surround Red Square. There is the Kremlin, Lenin’s Mausoleum, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, GUM trading house and Kazan Cathedral there. The State Historical Museum is also located in the square. Red Square is the place where a lot of festivals are celebrated.
The Kremlin is a fortified complex in the centre of Moscow . It is the main political and historical place of the city. The walls of the Kremlin are made in the form of an irregular triangle. The Troitskaya Tower is the tallest tower of the Kremlin. Its height is 80 metres . The Spasskaya Tower features the clock which is known as the Kremlin chimes . The Kremlin has 20 towers in total.
Today the Kremlin is the official residence of the President of Russia .
The Hermitage is one of the world’s largest museums. It is located in Saint Petersburg. It consists of 5 buildings. The museum’s collection houses about 3 million different works of art.
From the very beginning the Hermitage was Catherine’s II private collection of paintings, but in the time of Nicholas I the Hermitage opened for general public. This happened in 1852 .
Saint Basil’s Cathedral
Saint Basil’s Cathedral is located in Red Square . This Orthodox church is a world-famous landmark. The church was built in the XVI century by order of Ivan the Terrible. There are 11 domes in Saint Basil’s Cathedral. Its height is 65 metres .
In the XX century the church was open for public as a museum. It is one of the most recognizable tourist attractions. Saint Basil’s Cathedral is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Lake Baikal is a lake located in eastern Siberia. This is the deepest lake on our planet and the largest natural reservoir of fresh water. Lake Baikal is also widely known for its endemic fauna. Water in the lake is very clean and clear. There are 27 islands and the biggest one is called Olkhon . Numerous rivers and streams flow into Lake Baikal. The Angara is the only river that flows out from the lake.
Petergof is a small town which has great tourist and scientific significance. In the XVIII century the emperor’s country residence was located there. The town is located not far from Saint Petersburg and is well-known for its landmarks. These places of interest include the palace ensemble called Petergof with its numerous fountains, alleys and the Peterhof Grand Palace .
The Golden Ring
The Golden Ring is a ring of cities located not far from Moscow. This popular tourist route runs through ancient cities of Russia which played a significant role in the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church. There are many unique monuments in these cities which attract a lot of tourists. The cities included in the Golden Ring are Sergiyev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo, Suzdal and Vladimir.
The Kizhi Pogost
Kizhi island is famous for its architectural complex which consists of two wooden churches and a bell-tower. It was built in the XVIII-XIX centuries. According to the Russian carpentry traditions of that time, the Church of the Transfiguration was built of wood only with no nails. The second church, the Church of the Intercession, is an architectural echo of the main church. The bell-tower is located right beside them.
Mamayev Kurgan is famous for its memorial complex The Motherland Calls . The central figure of the complex is a statue of a woman holding a sword. The height of the sculpture is 85 metres from the feet to the tip of the sword. This complex commemorates the Battle of Stalingrad . Mamayev Kurgan was the place where fierce fighting occured.
Saint Isaac’s Cathedral
Saint Isaac’s Cathedral is located in Saint Petersburg . It is one of the largest cathedrals in the world. The construction of the cathedral took 40 years. The height of the cathedral is 101,5 metres . The exterior of the cathedral features a lot of columns and statues. Nowadays, Saint Isaac’s Cathedral is a museum. However, services are conducted there on feast days.
But the sights can be seen not only in Russia but also in foreign countries. Let’s look at some of them.
Big Ben (London)
The Elizabeth Tower stands 96 metres tall and has 11 floors. Dials of the clock are seven metres in diameter. An hour hand is 2.8m in length; a minute hand is 4.3m .
The latin words under the clockface read Domine Salvam Fac Reginam Nostram Victoriam Primam , which means » O Lord, keep safe our Queen Victoria the First «.
You can tell when parliament is in session by looking at the clock face. A special light above the clock faces is illuminated when parliament is in session.
The 150th anniversary of the Elizabeth Tower was celebrated in 2009. Formerly known as the Clock Tower, the structure was renamed the Elizabeth Tower in 2012 .
The tower is recognised all over the world. It is one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom. It is often used in the establishing shot of films set in London.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral differs from many famous cathedrals in the world in that it is the creation of one man — Sir Christopher Wren. Arriving in London, he had to repair the damage caused by the Great Fire, which occurred in the city in 1666.
The Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome inspired the architect on the project of the Cathedral of St. Paul. Wren designed the buildings surrounding the cathedral, which architecture repeated the Italian style in many respects, especially the magnificent colonnades. But the land in this area of London was too expensive, and the projects were never implemented.
The cathedral was completed at the beginning of the XVIII century. The official opening date is the birthday of the architect Wren — October 20, 1708. There are three galleries under the dome of the building. The Whisper gallery owes its name to unusual acoustics. Any word spoken at one end of the gallery is echoed repeatedly at the other end. There are 17 bells in the cathedral bell towers.
Edinburgh Castle ( Scotland )
Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which is located right in the centre of Edinburgh. Edinburgh Castle is located on the Castle Rock, at the top of the Royal Mile. The castle has a very good strategic position and can only be easily approached from one side. Nowadays, Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland’s most popular tourist attractions.
Loch Ness is a large, deep, freshwater loch in Scotland. Loch Ness is famous for the Loch Ness Monster , also known affectionately as «Nessie». Loch Ness is the second largest Scottish loch by surface area after Loch Lomond, but due to its great depth, it is the largest by volume in the British Isles.
Ben Nevis is a mountain in the Scottish Highlands. It is the highest mountain in the British Isles. Its height is 1,344 metres. Ben Nevis is a very popular tourist destination. The mountain is also of great interest to experienced climbers. The summit of the mountain is a big plateau with an observatory, shelter and war memorial.
The Statue of Liberty (New York)
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island in New York. In 1886 American people got it as a gift from the French . Since that time the statue has been the symbol of freedom and of the United States. The height of the Statue of Liberty is 93 metres (from ground level to torch). Visitors can admire the view of the harbour from its crown.
The Brooklyn Bridge
The Brooklyn Bridge connects Brooklyn and Manhattan. The construction of the bridge took 14 years and was completed in 1883 . It is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the USA. It is 1825 metres long . The bridge is divided into three parts . The central part is for pedestrians and cyclists, and the other two are for vehicles. The Brooklyn Bridge is one of the symbols of the USA and can be seen in many Hollywood films.
The Empire State Building
The Empire State Building is a famous skyscraper in New York. This building was the tallest building in the world for a long time. It has 103 floors. There are two observation decks in the building (on floors 86 and 102). The height of the building is 443 metres . 73 lifts serve it. The Empire State Building is designed in a simple but elegant style. It is one of the symbols of American culture. The Empire State Building is an office building.
Write a short text about your best trip.
Thanks for your attention.